La provincia del Chimborazo se caracteriza por tener
una población indígena más numerosa que otras
provincial. Hay una población aproximada de
250.000 indígenas. Los grupos de mayor
identificación por su vestimenta son los Cachas,
Lictos, Coltas, Calpis, Pulucates y otros.
Chimborazo has more
Indigenous peoples than
any other province, with
about 250,000. The
principle groups noted for
their distinctive dress are
the Cachas, Lictos, Coltas,
Calpis, Pulucates and others.
About forty percent of Chimborazo's population is Indigenous. Historically, they have gained a
reputation as Ecuador's most rebellious highland Indians. Fernando Daquilema characterizes this
history of rebellion. For a week in December of 1871, Daquilema launched an uprising from his
community of Yaruquíes. It quickly spread to neighboring communities before being put down.
A central issue in this struggle was not land, but taxes which Indigenous people were forced to
pay to the Church and the state. This uprising is remembered as one of the largest, strongest, and
most important in the nineteenth century in Ecuador. Indigenous leaders in Chimborazo during
the June 1990 uprising would make reference to Daquilema as part of their history of struggle
against the dominant culture.
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