Fueron conocidos con el nombre despectivo de aucas (salvaje guerrero). Su territorio tradicional se extendía desde el río Napo al norte, hasta el río Curaray al sur. Son aproximadamente 1300 individuos y la mayor parte vive en comunidades como Toña Empari, Dayuno, Cononaco, Yasuní, entre otras. El resto se ubica en las cuencas de los ríos Cononaco y Shiripuno.
The Huaorani used to be known by the pejorative name of aucas (warring savages). Their traditional territory extended from the Napo River in the north, to the Curaray river to the south. They are approximately 1300 individuals and for the most part live in communities like Toña Empari, Dayuno, Cononaco, Yasuní, and others. The remainder are located in the basins of the Cononaco and Shiripuno rivers.
Furono conosciuti con il nome dispregiativo di aucas (sehaggio, guerriero). Il loro territorio tradizionale si estendeva dal fiume Napo a nord fino al fiume Curaray a sud. Sono approsimativamente 1300 individui e la maggior parte di loro vive nelle comunità di Toña Empari, Dayuno, Cononaco, Yasuni e altre minori. Parte di loro si trovano anche nella conca dei fiumi Cononaco y Shiripuno.
Recently, the Huaorani (sometimes called Aucas, a Quichua word meaning "savages," by outsiders) are perhaps equaled only by their Shuar neighbors to the south for their reputation as a ferociously independent group, hostile to outside intrusions and willing to resort to violence to defend their territory. They are perhaps most well-known for spearing five North American Summer Institute of Linguistics (SIL) missionaries in 1956. Among Ecuador's Indigenous groups, they remain the most isolated from Western civilization. Since the earliest recorded contact with European society in the 1600s, violence and bloodshed have characterized their relationships with the outside world. Contacts with nineteenth-century rubber barons and oil explorers beginning in the 1940s have only provided a continuity with this earlier history. This contact with white society has not only meant cultural disruption, but also deaths due to the introduction of diseases from which the Huaorani lack natural immunity. To defend their interests in the face of outside intrusion, they formed the Organización de Nacionalidad Huaorani de la Amazonía Ecuatoriana (ONHAE, Organization of the Huaorani Nation of the Ecuadorian Amazon) in 1990.
The Last Shaman, Joe Seamans reports on a visit to the Huaorani.
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